Note: For this article, no differentiation has been made between project, programme or portfolio reporting or indeed operational reporting.

The phrase ‘Sword of Damocles’ refers back to an ancient parable of the Roman philosopher Cicero and is used to mean a sense of impending doom.

One of the most common and often most critical service provided by PMOs is Reporting.  It is also widely regarded as one of the vital communication tools for stakeholder engagement.

In a recent House of PMO session, when questioned on the six themes used to measure the maturity of Portfolio Management, Reporting was identified as the theme with the highest level of maturity across the board and also the theme that participants were most interested in improving.

So why is Reporting seen as the Sword of Damocles?

Getting Reporting right, i.e. providing timely information, analysis and insights on critical business issues, allows executives to make informed decisions that directly impact the organisation’s success.


Getting Reporting wrong, as well as increasing the risk of executives making unsound decisions, also significantly increases the risk of losing support for the PMO.


Factors Contributing to Reporting Maturity


Three factors contribute to Reporting maturity.  They are:

  • Reporting Data
  • Reporting Culture
  • Reporting Value


These factors are incremental in achieving Reporting maturity within the Portfolio maturity framework.

An organisation needs to collect sufficient Reporting Data to undertake any meaningful analysis.

An organisation needs to have a Reporting Culture that allows and actively encourages honest reporting of good and bad news.

An organisation needs to realise Reporting Value by using the information provided to drive decisions and actions to resolve risks and issues.

Although the Reporting theme was consistently more mature in our participant’s organisation than the other themes, there was much more variation when it came to the individual factors.


Reporting Data


Reporting Culture


Reporting Value


What can we learn from the results?


1. Getting Reporting Data is still the biggest issue for Organisations


You probably have seen all the reports by the various PPM or specialist BI vendors eloquently talking about visibility and transparency provided through reporting. Do not forget the hard graft required to get there!  Every data element and its production is the outcome of a business process that must be operated effectively. For the business process to be operated effectively across the whole organisation, it needs the buy-in and agreement of all the relevant stakeholder groups – and those stakeholders will ask, “What’s in it for me?”.

The PMO must be able to provide transparency and integrity of the data provenance.  They must also be able to demonstrate the benefits of Reporting to every single actor involved.


2. Establishing the right Reporting Culture might be the most difficult issue to resolve


Have you ever heard people say, “I don’t want to see any of our projects in the RED” or “We only need to see the reports from IT”?  These are actual quotes from previous client engagements.  The desire for visibility and transparency is often undermined by ‘fake news; we have had buy-in from the stakeholders to provide reporting data, but we know that the data is not true.

What is required is a cultural shift in the organisation to one which provides a collaborative environment that welcomes any truthfully reported status.  A RED status should be seen as an opportunity to give support or provide corrective action to get the project back on track.

The PMO can help the various stakeholders see the benefit of truthful reporting, position the messaging from failing projects, and provide the framework to drive decision-making and follow-up.


3. Reporting Value is not only down to the Reporting Date and Reporting Culture


So even having the right data reported and content reflecting reality, without analysis and preparation of the decision-making, organisations will not get the perceived maximum value out of the reporting.
This is the point for the PMO to address – no avoidance of doubt, no ifs and buts. And just to confirm the issue, some value can even be derived from incomplete or fake data analysis.

PMOs may well be cautious when establishing Reporting and look to take any opportunity to improve Reporting in their organisation.
There are many examples generally available of reporting content and layouts, including a wide range provided through software solutions.  Despite this, surprisingly little literature is available covering the procedural aspects of implementing, delivering and improving reporting.